What is HIV?
HIV stands for
human immunodeficiency virus. HIV is the
virus that causes AIDS. HIV attacks the
immune system. Once HIV gets in the
body, it can start making copies of itself.
As more HIV builds up, it gets harder for the immune system to do its
What is AIDS?
AIDS stands for
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. AIDS
is diagnosed by a physician only when a patient is in the late stages of HIV
infection. The body’s immune system can
no longer fight disease.
How is HIV spread?
HIV is spread by
having sex with a person who has HIV, blood-to-blood contact, sharing needles
or from a mother who has HIV to her baby.
How can HIV be prevented?
contact until you and your partner have discussed sexual history, always use a
latex condom properly, and use clean needles.